No one fruit will provide all of the nutrition that a person needs in a day. In fact, vegetables are typically more nutrient rich and lower in sugar than fruit. However, there are some nutrients that are found in higher levels in fruit than vegetables, like Vitamin C.
The following list was formulated by researching the nutrient makeup of many popular fruits from across the world. These 11 fruits were the highest in total vitamins and minerals (grams) and lowest in sugars (grams) as listed in the USDA’s FoodData Central. There are other “healthy” fruits that can also be included in a balanced diet, but these are good “bang for your buck” fruits, if you are looking to include fruits that are jam-packed with nutrients in your diet.
Guava is a superfood. It contains massive amounts of lycopene, and is also rich in potassium, phosphorus, vitamin C, folate, beta-carotene, and even has trace amounts of B-vitamins, which is rare for a fruit. Guava is high in fiber and moderately low in sugar, making this a good fruit to include in your daily diet! Lycopene has been studied more closely over the last 20 years and is now recognized as one of the most powerful carotenoids for its anti-oxidative benefits.
To answer the age-old question, tomato is a fruit! And a quite nutritious one at that. Tomato is also known for being rich in lycopene. This is where it gets its red color. Tomatoes also contain choline, vitamin E, vitamin K, niacin, vitamin A, beta carotene, alpha carotene, lutein, and zeaxanthin, making the tomato a highly nutritious fruit to include in your diet. Choline is typically found in animal proteins and is important for the nervous system and muscular control. Choline may be harder for vegans to get in their diets, making tomato a great fruit to include in a vegan or vegetarian diet. The latter nutrients (Vitamin A, beta carotene, alpha carotene, lutein, zeaxanthin) are mostly carotenoids that are essential for eye health and your immune system, and are also important for anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and anti-carcinogenic properties.
Read more: Heirloom Tomato Guide
Papaya is another superfood containing large amounts of lycopene, beta-cryptoxanthin, lutein, zeaxanthin, vitamin C, potassium, magnesium, calcium, and small amounts of niacin and vitamin B6. As you can see, Papaya is a nutrient rich food to include in your diet. It is hard to get B vitamins like niacin and vitamin B6 from sources outside of animal proteins, which makes papaya another good nutrient rich fruit for vegans and vegetarians.
Grapefruit is another underrated fruit for eye health (beta-carotene, vitamin A) and nutrients found in animal products (choline, vitamin B6, calcium, phosphorus), not just vitamin C like most citrus fruits are known for. Beyond its health benefits, it makes for a great citrus-based cocktail.
Mangoes are high in sugar (100 grams of mango contains 14 grams of sugar), but are very rich in nutrients. Half a cup of mango will give you a healthy serving of calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, copper, selenium, vitamin C, niacin, vitamin B-6, folate, choline, vitamin A, beta-carotene, and even vitamin E. Many of these nutrients are commonly found in animal proteins or nuts, making mango a great part of a vegan or vegetarian diet.
Watermelon is an underrated fruit. While it doesn’t have a wide range of different nutrients, it is an excellent source of lycopene. A two-thirds of a cup serving of watermelon provides 4,500 micrograms of lycopene, which is more than most other lycopene-rich fruits and vegetables, like tomatoes. Watermelon is also a healthy source of vitamin B-6, beta carotene, vitamin A, and potassium. It is also pretty low in sugar, making it a healthy fruit to consume!
Peaches are another underrated fruit, but these are one of the most nutrient-rich foods that grows across the continental United States. Peaches are a good source of selenium, copper, phosphorus, niacin, vitamin A, beta carotene, lutein, zeaxanthin, and vitamin E.
Oranges are known for their vitamin C, but they are actually rich in a lot of other nutrients besides vitamin C. Eat oranges for calcium, potassium, copper, selenium, vitamin B-6, folate, choline, lutein, and zeaxanthin.
Nectarines are nutritionally similar to their cousins, the peaches. Nectarines are also grown across the continental United States. They also contain lots of phosphorus, potassium, copper, zinc, niacin, lutein, zeaxanthin, and vitamin E.
Kiwi is not as much of a “superfood” as some of the other fruits listed on here. However, kiwi has a wide spread of many different nutrients. It is rich in calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, copper, vitamin C, niacin, vitamin B-6, folate, choline, lutein, zeaxanthin, vitamin E, and vitamin K. Vitamin K is popularly found in green leafy vegetables, but can also be taken in from this nutrient rich fruit!
Durian tastes a little bit like jackfruit, and like jackfruit, it has been popularly eaten as a meat substitute at vegan restaurants across the United States for the past several years. Interestingly, even though it is a fruit, durian is rich in protein, fat, and carbohydrates, making it nutritionally dissimilar from other fruits. It is rich in nutrients like magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, copper, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, folate, beta carotene, and alpha carotene. The B vitamins mentioned (thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, and folate) and the minerals magnesium, phosphorus, and copper are hard to get in a vegetarian diet, so this is a good fruit to consume if your diet is low in meat and animal products!
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