Skip to main content

These 13 foods will add essential vitamin K to your diet

Vitamin K is an important nutrient you could probably eat more of. Here are some foods that are full of the nutrient.

It’s perhaps not the most talked-about or sexiest vitamin out there (we see you, vitamin C), but vitamin K is important nonetheless. You’re probably already getting some through your regular diet but there’s a good chance you could use a pinch more. But how? And why?

Because vitamin K serves the body well. The nutrient helps with coagulation when you’re wounded, bone metabolism, and the vital functions of your heart and vessels. When you’re not taking in enough of the stuff, bad things can happen, like bleeding disorders or cardiovascular issues.

Related Videos
salad greens high in vitamin k.

Like vitamins A, D, and E, vitamin K is a fat-soluble vitamin so the absorption is enhanced when foods high in vitamin K are consumed alongside fats or oils. There are two primary types of vitamin K compounds: phylloquinone (vitamin K1) and a group of menaquinones (collectively referred to as vitamin K2). Phylloquinone is mainly found in green leafy vegetables while menaquinones are produced by bacteria, so they are found in fermented foods and some animal-based foods.

For most adult males, the adequate intake (AI) of vitamin K is 120 mcg, and 90 mcg for females. Those taking blood thinners like Warfarin (Coumadin) may have different needs, as these drugs effectively inactivate vitamin K. Not sure where to start with getting enough vitamin K? Get ready to see a lot of green, plant-based foods in our list of the foods highest in vitamin K.


a bunch of parsley on a counter.

Parsley contains more vitamin K than any other food. One cup of this common herb provides a whopping 820% of the daily value. Consider adding fresh parsley to salads, sandwiches and burgers, tabbouleh, and hummus.

Kale and other leafy greens

a bunch of kale.

Across the board, one of the best dietary sources of vitamin K is leafy green vegetables. One cup of cooked spinach, for instance, provides an impressive 740% of the daily value. Kale is also exceptionally high in vitamin K, with one cup of this cooked cruciferous veggie providing 544 mcg of vitamin K, which is over 4.5 times the daily value. Collards, beet greens, and turnip greens each also provide over 450% of the daily value of vitamin K. Even if dark leafy greens aren’t your go-to salad green, you can get plenty of vitamin K in lettuces. One cup of butter lettuce contains 56 mcg, which is nearly half of the daily value. Even iceberg lettuce contains a decent amount.


bowl of natto sitting on a plate.

Natto is a funky, sticky, fermented soybean product commonly consumed as porridge and condiment in Japan. It’s packed with probiotics, protein, and antioxidants, and the bacteria that carry out the fermenting process make it one of the foods highest in vitamin K2. A mere three ounces contains 850 mcg, which is over seven times the daily value. Studies have found diets high in natto are able to improve bone health in patients with osteoporosis.


fresh broccoli florets.

Broccoli is championed for its fiber, calcium, and vitamin C content, but it’s also quite high in vitamin K. One cup of cooked broccoli provides 220 mcg, which is nearly two times the daily value. Broccoli rabe is also high in vitamin K, with 75% of the daily value per cup.

Brussels sprouts

roasted brussels sprputs.

Like broccoli, Brussels sprouts are a cruciferous vegetable packed with antioxidants and vitamins C and K. For example, each cup of cooked Brussels sprouts contains 107% of the recommended daily intake of vitamin C and 182% of the daily value of vitamin K, with about 219 mcg.


heads of cabbage.

You may be noticing a trend that green cruciferous vegetables are high in vitamin K. Cabbage is no exception, as each cup of cooked cabbage packs in about 165 mcg, or 136% of the daily value. Like other green veggies, this vitamin K is the in form of phylloquinone (vitamin K1), but sauerkraut, which is fermented cabbage, is also a good source of vitamin K2 because the lactobacillus bacteria produce vitamin K2 as a byproduct of the fermentation process. Therefore, enjoying a nice sauerkraut slaw will give you a healthy dose of both forms of this essential nutrient.

Pickles and fermented vegetables

pickled vegetables.

The pickling or fermenting process that helps create pickles or slaws like kimchi and sauerkraut and makes them rich sources of probiotics also produces menaquinones, vitamin K2. One cup of pickled cucumbers contains 130 mcg (109% DV) of vitamin K. Kimchi, a spicy, salty, tangy condiment, has 65 mcg per cup.


stack of okra in a bowl.

Okra can be a bit of a polarizing food, as it’s texture can be slimy if it’s not stewed or prepared well. However, it’s a favorite veggie in the South and also a good source of vitamin K. One cup of cooked okra contains 64 mcg, which is just over half your daily requirement. Other green vegetables high in vitamin K are green beans and green peas.


fresh asparagus.

Asparagus is one of the best sources of prebiotics, which are certain dietary fibers that our own bodies cannot digest but that are a nutrient elixir for the beneficial bacteria in the gut. Asparagus is also high in vitamin K, with 91 mcg per cup, which is over 75% of the daily value.


bowl of steamed edamame.

One of the reasons natto is especially high in vitamin K is that, in addition to the bacteria that produce vitamin K2 through fermentation, the soybeans themselves are high in vitamin K. For example, a cup of cooked soybeans has 66 mcg (55% DV), while a cup of edamame has 41 mcg. This healthy legume is also rich in antioxidants, fiber, and protein.


fresh bulbs of fennel.

Fennel is a crisp, anise-flavored bulb with delicate, edible fronds. It’s used extensively in Italian cuisine and is a prominent vegetable in the heart-healthy Mediterranean Diet. Fennel is a good source of prebiotic fiber and provides 55 mcg (46% DV) of vitamin K per cup.


plate of pesto pasta.

Pesto is a sauce or condiment made with basil, olive oil, pine nuts, and Parmesan cheese. It can also contain other herbs like parsley. Several of these ingredients are exceptionally high in vitamin K, such as basil and parsley, as well as pine nuts. One ounce of pine nuts has 15 mcg of vitamin K. Accordingly, a quarter-cup of pesto sauce has 95 mg of vitamin K, which is nearly 80% of the daily value.

Kiwi Fruit

Fresh sliced kiwi.

Kiwi fruit is packed with vitamin C along with vitamin E and several essential minerals. Kiwi, which has delicate flesh and small, edible seeds, is also high in vitamin K. Each cup provides about 73 mcg, which is 60% of the daily value. Other fruits high in vitamin K include avocado, pumpkin, pomegranate, blueberries, and blackberries.

With the above on your shopping list, you’ll be in good shape from a vitamin K standpoint. The nutrient will serve you well and, fortunately, comes in so many foods that you’ll never get bored intaking the stuff. Now get back to prepping those healthy leafy greens.

Editors' Recommendations

The 8 best protein shakes that are ready-to-go
These shakes come with all the good stuff, and none of the crap

With as busy as we have become as a society, we always seem to be on the go. This can make life challenging, especially when it comes to wellness goals. In a perfect world, you could hit the gym hard, crush a workout, then immediately refuel with a balanced, home-cooked meal. But, since life happens and we are always on the go, it’s not always feasible to take the time to actually cook up a muscle-building meal right after your workout. Whether you’re on the go and short on time, or just can't stomach a full meal after exercising, having a quick and easy, protein-packed option that doesn’t require kitchen time, is a helpful alternative to refuel your body and maximize your results.

This is where protein shakes come in handy. Numerous ready-to-drink shakes are available that provide muscle-building protein, vitamins, minerals, and calories to fortify your body after a workout. They offer the benefits of protein powders with the convenience of eliminating the need for a shaker bottle, or high-speed blender, let alone making a mess with powders. Simply give the bottle a quick shake, pop the top, and you’re good to go.

Read more
Everything you need to know about the bone broth diet
The bone broth diet: Your complete guide
Bowl of bone broth.

Focus on cleaner eating and healthier lifestyles is growing alongside the development of new and different trendy diets. Each of these diets claims to have life-changing benefits, from weight loss to detoxing and everything in between.

If you are familiar with the Paleo lifestyle, then you'll also be familiar with bone broth and intermittent fasting. Recently, a diet has emerged that blends these two popular elements into a plan that claims to take weight loss to a new level.

Read more
Want to build muscle? A doctor says you should eat these foods
If you're looking to bulk up those biceps, these are the foods you should be eating
Fish fillets, chicken meat, and red meat on top of distressed white cutting boards along with nuts, cheese, dairy, and eggs.

The world of nutrition and muscle growth can be a terribly confusing one. Between the madness of the latest trends in health, fad diets, the newest "must have" workout gear, and toxic weight-loss culture, it's easy to want to throw in the towel and reach for a box of Twinkies. But tucked in, hidden in all of this confusion, there are some things about fitness and muscle growth that are just always true. The biggest truth of them all is that abs really are made in the kitchen. You can work yourself into a frenzy with a fancy gym membership, but without proper nutrition, your body is just running on toxic fumes.

Muscle building requires a good balance of proteins, carbohydrates, and healthy fats. Dr. Noel Abood, owner and director of Solon Spine & Wellness Center in Ohio, shared with us his expert advice on the top foods one should be eating for ultimate muscle growth. So if you've been frustrated with the results of your workout routine, or are looking to bulge those biceps a bit more, here are some of the foods you'll want to add these items to your grocery list.

Read more