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Want to know how to build muscle? A doctor says you should eat these foods

If you're looking to bulk up those biceps, these are the foods you should be eating

Protein food sources on a surface next to a bar bell
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Figuring out how to build muscle can be terribly confusing. Between the madness of the latest trends in health, fad diets, the newest “must-have” workout gear, and toxic weight-loss culture, it’s easy to want to throw in the towel and reach for a box of Twinkies. But hidden in all of this confusion, there are some things about fitness and muscle growth that are just always true. The biggest truth of them all is that abs really are made in the kitchen. You can work yourself into a frenzy with a fancy gym membership, but without proper nutrition, your body is just running on toxic fumes.

Muscle building requires a good balance of proteins, carbohydrates, and healthy fats. Dr. Noel Abood, co-founder of Re:vitalize Weight Loss, shared with us his expert advice on the top foods to build muscle. These are foods that one should be eating for ultimate muscle growth. So if you’ve been frustrated with the results of your workout routine, or are looking to bulge those biceps a bit more, here are some of the foods you’ll want to add to your grocery list.

Chunks of uncooked steak sit in a pile.
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Lean protein

“Speaking from experience,” Dr. Abood said, “I think many active adults or people trying to build muscle are under-consuming when it comes to protein. For me, it is very easy to run to other food groups to fuel myself and then look at my day and realize the amount of protein I’m eating is not commensurate to my activity level and goals.”

Thankfully, there are tons of lean protein options available. Chicken breast is packed with protein at 40 grams per cup. It is also one of the most versatile ingredients on our list, and the star ingredient of many delicious recipes. Salmon is another protein-packed option, boasting inflammation-reducing omega-3 fatty acids. Salmon also contains a good deal of potassium, which will help with muscle cramps after those especially strenuous workouts.

While fatty cuts of beef like ribeye are delicious and full of protein, they do carry more calories than many other options you can find at the butcher counter. Some great options for leaner cuts are top-round roast, sirloin, and flank steak. Lean beef also provides a healthy dose of iron and zinc, both crucial for post-workout recovery.

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Whole grains

“Whole grains such as brown rice, quinoa, and oats provide complex carbohydrates, which are essential for energy to fuel your workouts,” Dr. Abood noted.

Quinoa, especially, has risen in popularity in recent years due to the extensive health benefits it provides. Quinoa is high in protein, amino acids, vitamins, minerals, fiber, and antioxidants. Not only that, but it is naturally gluten-free. Quinoa also is known as a complete protein in that it contains both fiber and complex carbohydrates. Eating it after a workout can help to repair, protect, and rebuild muscle. No wonder this humble little seed is so popular.

Assortment of seeds on a rustic wood table.
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Nuts and seeds

An easy snack to toss in the gym bag, nuts are not only convenient but packed full of protein and healthy fat. A good mix of nuts will provide your post-workout body with many essentials like magnesium, omega-3 fatty acids, and vitamin E. Some good nuts to eat to help build your muscle are almonds, which are high in protein; walnuts, which are high in omega-3 fatty acids; and pistachios, which contain more protein than an egg per 1/4 cup serving. “Nuts and seeds are rich in healthy fats, fiber, and protein, making them an excellent snack for muscle building,” Dr. Abood stated.

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Fruits and vegetables

“Fruits and vegetables are packed with vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants, which help support muscle health and recovery,” Dr. Abood noted.

This is especially true when one gets a good assortment of different fruits and vegetables.  Some of the better fruits and vegetables to focus on to help you reach your muscle-building goals are:

  • Oranges
  • Apples
  • Bananas
  • Grapes
  • Pears
  • Peaches
  • Watermelon
  • Berries

In addition to fruits, some of these vegetables are beneficial for muscle growth:

  • Broccoli
  • Spinach
  • Tomatoes
  • Green beans
  • Cucumber
  • Zucchini
  • Asparagus
  • Peppers

A good goal is to try to eat as many colors (of fruits and vegetables, not M&Ms) as you can every day.

Cup of yogurt with berries
Terri Cnudde / Pixabay

Greek yogurt

Protein-rich Greek yogurt is packed with Vitamin D, which aids in the body’s absorption of phosphorus and calcium. However, not all Greek yogurts are the same. Some Greek Yogurts, especially the flavored ones, can be high in sugar, look for yogurt with a low sugar content, or no sugar content. You can always add some fruit or a natural sweetener for taste later. Also, Greek yogurt made with real full-fat milk will be higher in protein.

Abood also reminded us, “Greek yogurt is a great source of protein and calcium, which are both essential for building and maintaining strong muscles.”

Bowl of eggs
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Even more muscle-building options

Whole eggs

Egg whites have always been popular in low-calorie diets, but if it’s muscle growth you’re after, you’ll want to whisk in the yolk. Whole eggs are powerhouses of protein, healthy fat, and vitamins.

Three bowls of lentils coming in different colors
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A great option for those sticking to a plant-based diet, lentils are a tremendous source of protein at 9 grams per half cup. They also contain plenty of fiber, carbohydrates, and minerals, in addition to amino acids.

Cottage cheese with tropical fruit
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Cottage cheese

Paired with fruit, cottage cheese is a wonderfully protein-rich breakfast at 14 grams per half cup. It also is high in calcium, helping to support strong bone health.

Soy milk and soy bean on wooden background
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Another wonderful meat-free protein source, soybeans are great for muscle growth. Containing all nine amino acids, and packed with 6 grams of protein per half cup, these little guys are the perfect muscle-building snack.

Shaped and healthy body building man holding a fresh salad bowl,shaped abdominal
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How do I build muscle quickly?

One of the most crucial factors in gaining muscle quickly is also one of the most difficult to get used to. In a culture that’s so often obsessed with eating less, it feels unnatural to eat more to get the body we want. The truth is that in order for your body to make muscle; it needs to know that it isn’t starving to death. When we deprive our bodies of the calories they need, they store any and all extra calories ingested as fat, thinking it has nothing to spare. In order for your body to understand that you’re trying to pack on the muscles, you need to reassure it that it’s going to get all the fuel it needs in order to do so. For quick muscle growth, you’re going to want to add an extra 250 to 500 calories to your daily intake.

Unfortunately, muscle growth isn’t an overnight process. It can be frustrating to spend hours both in the gym and in the kitchen, only to be discouraged after a few weeks of no noticeable progress. Rest assured, though, that if you’re eating the right foods and amping up your strength training, visible results should appear within eight weeks, depending on your fitness level. Stick with it and try to be patient.

Kettlebell training in gym. Athlete doing workout
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What are the three requirements for muscle growth?

The three requirements for the body to grow muscle are simple. Eat, train, and sleep. Be sure to get enough of the protein and vitamin-rich foods listed here to ensure optimal muscle growth. Pair this improved diet with strength training that challenges you, and be sure you’re getting enough Zs. When we sleep, our bodies release amino acids, which help build protein.

Growth hormones are also released during sleep, which helps repair muscle after a workout. So don’t skimp on that time between the sheets. Shooting for a goal of at least seven to eight hours of sleep every night not only helps your muscle growth, but it also makes you feel more rested and ready to workout again the next day.

Man performing a squats with heavy weight
Rinke Dohmen / Unsplash

More tips for building muscle

As we said earlier, the three requirements for muscle growth are eating properly, getting enough sleep, and training. And as men get older, that becomes even more important. According to Harvard Health, as men get older, they start to lose muscle. In fact, some men can lose up to 5% of their muscle mass every 10 years after they turn 30, so keeping up with your training, especially weight training, is vital.

One thing that Harvard Health recommends is using more free weights to build muscle rather than relying on those fancy machines you see at the gym, as those types of weights, such as barbells and dumbbells, do a better job at building muscle.

Rest is important as well, so you allow your muscles to recover from a workout. Try to give whatever section of your body you concentrate on in a particular workout (legs, arms, upper body, etc.) at least two days of rest before working that part of your body out again.

Lindsay Parrill
Lindsay is a graduate of California Culinary Academy, Le Cordon Bleu, San Francisco, from where she holds a degree in…
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