Skip to main content

How to build a campfire in 6 simple steps

Get your campfire burning quickly and easily with this guide

The campfire is a mainstay of heading out into the backcountry. For many outdoorsmen, there is no feeling quite like sitting around under the stars and watching the flames dance around. They keep you warm, they can be used for cooking on, and they deter predators. The campfire is essential.




15 minutes

But there are plenty of people who head into the outdoors who don't know how to properly build a campfire. Whether it's inefficient, unsafe, or irresponsible, a badly built campfire has detrimental effects on you or the environment around you. This quick-and-dirty campfire building guide will get you building a safe and effective campfire every time.

A man sits on the far side of the campfire while smoke rises in front of him.
Tom Kilpatrick / The Manual

How to build a campfire

Before you leave to have a campfire, check local guidance on their permittance in your area. Wildfires are increasingly common and fires are regularly banned — especially in the summer — for this reason. You should also always have a bucket of sand or water on hand to extinguish your fire before you start building.

Step 1: Clear your campfire area of any flammable debris — leaves, pine needles, etc. — and check for overhanging branches that may catch. Even leaves high above campfires are susceptible to drying out and burning. Alternatively, set up your fire pit if you're going to raise your fire off the ground.

Step 2: Collect dry firewood. Ideally, you want three piles of wood here. Having your wood pre-collected stops you from having to run off and find firewood while your fire burns down.

  • A small pile around the thickness of your pinky — or thinner.
  • A mid-size pile around the thickness of your thumb.
  • A larger pile around the thickness of your wrist.

Step 3: Start your campfire with some small kindling — or firestarters. If you're not sure how to start a fire, there are loads of different fire starters available to you. These range from lighters or matches, to the more historic flint-and-steel strikers.

Step 4: Add small sticks in a pyramid shape around your kindling. Be careful not to add too many at once as this can smother your fire and put it out.

Step 5: When the smaller sticks are burning, add a few from the larger pile. Be sure to still add smaller sticks too, as this helps the budding fire retain enough heat to start burning the larger sticks.

Step 6: Repeat step five — moving onto larger sticks — until your campfire is self-sufficient and you only need to add a larger log periodically. At this point, you can choose to keep adding wood for a hot and bright fire or allow your fire to burn down to embers for cooking.

It can take a couple of attempts to get your campfire going, so don't be disheartened if you have to dismantle it and try again. Remember, don't leave a campfire unattended, and always have plenty of water or sand close at hand to extinguish your campfire or douse embers that fall overboard.

Editors' Recommendations

Tom Kilpatrick
A London-born outdoor enthusiast, Tom took the first ticket out of suburban life. What followed was a twelve-year career as…
How to set up your mountain bike’s suspension in 10 minutes
Know how to set up your mountain biking suspension
Setting the sag on the Canyon Spectral while setting up the suspension

Jumping into the world of mountain biking can be a bit daunting. First, you must figure out what type of mountain bike you need. Does mountain biking mean long XC rides for you, or are you a bike park sort of person?

Perhaps you do find the right bike for you, now you need to consider all the mountain biking gear that comes along with it. Helmets, sunglasses, shoes, apparel — it can seem like a bit much.

Read more
Here’s how to fend off a mountain lion attack and live to tell the tale
Attacks are exceedingly rare. But, if you do become a victim, here's how to better your odds of survival
Close-up of a mountain lion with its mouth open against a green blurred background.

From rabid animals to meat-eating plants to getting lost in the dreaded Alaska Triangle, there are plenty of ways to die in nature. But do we need to worry about mountain lion attacks? The news seems to think so. Fatalities are rare, but they do happen. Although that last deadly encounter — one of the few in recent memory — happened over five years ago. A runner was attacked in Colorado; that story ended favorably for him (but not for the lion) when he managed to kill it with his bare hands.

In fact, experts say we shouldn’t really worry about mountain lions (aka cougars or pumas, depending on where you are in the world). “[Mountain] lion attacks on people are rare, with fewer than a dozen fatalities in North America in more than 100 years,” says Travis Duncan, public information officer for Colorado Parks and Wildlife. In comparison, over 42,000 people were killed on U.S. roadways in 2022.

Read more
Save money on mountain bike upgrades with these simple tips
If you're not using these hacks for discounts on your mountain bike upgrades, you should be
A picture of 2 trail bikes that have had some component upgrades

If you are relatively new to mountain biking, you will find that upgrading your bike is a normal part of bike culture. Hell, we even like to upgrade our mountain biking gear—bike shoes, bike helmets, bike clothing—regularly.

Even with a mountain bike that seems perfect, we can still find a reason for the latest and greatest. Sometimes the latest and greatest is necessary, and sometimes, if we're honest, we just want something new.

Read more