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The Definitive Guide to South African Cuisine, a Diverse Food Culture

The podium for global cuisine is too often hogged by countries like France, Italy, and China. But there are incredible food cultures all over, such as the rainbow nation of South Africa.

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Admittedly, many Americans can’t name a South African dish. We could not pick out bobotie from biltong, at a restaurant or in general. But in the name of broadening your mind and palate, we are here to change that. South Africa boasts dish after interesting dish, informed by both indigenous communities as well as immigrants and even former rulers.

Suzaan Hauptfleisch runs Kaia Wine Bar in New York. Founded in 2011, the Upper East Side joint specializes in South African food and wine. Hauptfleisch grew up on a generational freestate farm in South Africa, with a pair of mothers who cooked or baked often. “We always had something amazing to eat even coming home from school,” she recalls. Her late mother Susan made incredible Tamatiebredie, a tomato stew Hauptfleisch and her partner have finally learned how to recreate, after many tries.

She calls South African food a confluence of various cultures. “It is a beautiful mix and representation of our rainbow nation,” she says. “It has wonderful traditional dishes of course, but there is also such a creative energy and a new fresh and exciting perspective,” especially among today’s South African chefs.

The food at Kaia is inspired by her childhood memories and the meals she grew up with on the farm. Favorites include an elk carpaccio with her mother’s mustard. Normally, the dish would be served with an African meat but it’s next to impossible to get springbok or kudu in the states reliably. Another favorite is bobotie, served with yellow rice and raisins, and babyback ribs, prepared with a rooibos and cranberry sauce.

Wine culture is massive in South Africa, too, and that rubs off on the Kaia way. The bar offers more than 70 South African wines by the glass, an impressive feat. “I want the most amount of South African wines to hit the most amount of palates,” Hauptfleisch says. It’s a scene full of tasty wines, most notably Chenin Blanc and Pinotage, but also a broad array of other great varietals.


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There are many layers to South Africa and, as a natural byproduct, its cuisine. Very generally speaking, native communities like the Khoisan kicked the customs off, doing a lot of foraging and taking to a lot of edible plants, including perhaps most famously, rooibos. Cooked grains were quite popular and wild game was very much prized, often suitable for royalty.

Much later, in the 17th century, the Dutch and British introduced other ingredients and philosophies. British rule saw a lot of people forced into labor, including from other countries such as India. This nation in particular has very much influenced the South African palate. Apartheid was not kind to the indigenous South African culture but the cuisine has experienced a renaissance since it finally ended in the early 1990s.

Signature Dishes

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Hauptfleisch says there are many signature dishes in South African cuisine. She offers braii cooking as a national pastine, essentially the local version of barbecue. Everybody does it there and neighborhoods are often thick with the smoke from this style of cooking. “It is that one thing all South African cultures do and agree on — the great equalizer amongst us,” she says. Below are a few others that jump to her mind.


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Made of minced meat and egg, bobotie is typically made with beef or lamb, and occasionally pork. A mix of spices is thrown in, like ginger and marjoram, and curry powder, along with lemon rind. It’s complex, fit with an eggy topping, dried fruit, as well as milk-soaked bread. Often, it’s dished up alongside some yellow rice.

Milk Tart

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This delicate dish is served with tea or as a dessert item. It involves a sweet pastry crust filled with custard, often topped with cinnamon.


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This type of sausage is enjoyed all over the southern stretch of the continent. It’s made from a variety of meats and spices and traditionally given the braii treatment (grilled over charcoal). Like sausage, there are many different riffs on the dish and often it’s enjoyed on a bun, like a hot dog.


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A lot like jerky, this form of dried meat is usually made with beef and hit with black pepper, salt, vinegar, and coriander. It can also be made from game animals like kudu or wildebeest.


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Something like a donut, this confectionery is made of fried dough hit with syrup or honey. The strips are woven together almost like a braid and the sweet taste reminds of wild honey.


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Hauptfleisch says this dish (along with the next two listed) is especially popular among Black South Africans. It is made with samp (a course kind of corn meal), beans, butter, potatoes, onions, chillies, and lemons. One version of the dish is believed to be the late and great Nelson Mandela’s favorite dish.


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A vegetable relish that is often spicy, chakalaka usually accompanies bread, pap, curries, or stews. Ingredients tend to include beans, peppers, cabbage, carrots, and tomatoes, treated with a variety of spices like ginger, cayenne pepper, thyme, and smoked paprika.


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Similar to polenta or grits, pap is maize porridge and very popular in the country. It’s tasty on its own but also serves as a proper bed for other items, sauces, and stews.



Bobotie South African Dish
Flickr/Chris Chapman


  • minced lamb or beef, or a mixture of the two
  • butter, vegetable oil
  • 2 onions, chopped
  • .5 teaspoon crushed garlic
  • 1 tablespoon curry powder
  • 1 teaspoon ground turmeric
  • 2 slices bread, crumbled
  • .25 cup milk
  • finely grated rind and juice of 1/2 small lemon
  • 1 egg
  • 1 teaspoon salt, milled black pepper
  • 3 oz dried apricots, chopped
  • 1 Granny Smith apple peeled, cored and chopped
  • .25 cup sultanas (golden raisins)
  • 1.5 oz slivered almonds, roasted in a dry frying pan
  • 6 lemon, orange, or bay leaves


  • 1 cup milk
  • 2 eggs
  • .5 teaspoon salt


  1. Set the oven at 325°F. Butter a large casserole. Heat butter and oil in a saucepan and fry the onion and garlic until translucent. Stir in the curry powder and turmeric, and cook briefly until fragrant. Remove the pot from the heat.
  2. Mix in the minced meat. Mix together the crumbs, milk, lemon rind and juice, egg, salt, pepper, apricots, apple, sultanas (golden raisins) and almonds and blend. Pile into the casserole and level the top. Roll up the leaves and bury them at regular intervals. Seal with foil and bake for 1 1/4 hours. Increase the oven temperature to 400°F. Mix together the topping milk, eggs and salt (you may require extra topping if you’ve used a very large casserole), pour over and bake uncovered for a further 15 minutes until cooked and lightly browned. Serve with yellow rice and blatjang.

Read more: South African Wine Guide

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Mark Stock
Mark Stock is a writer from Portland, Oregon. He fell into wine during the Recession and has been fixated on the stuff since…
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If you’ve spent any time in the wine section of your local grocer, you’ve probably seen a few offerings from South Africa. Over the last ten years or so, the country has become renowned for its eclectic variety of wines as well as very reasonable price points.
The geography of South Africa has attracted wine growers across a long period of history. Major port cities like Cape Town have been seeing wines come and go from their shores since the 1600s. At first, it was the Dutch leading the local enological effort, planting vineyards and producing average at best wines. They were often sweet and many farmers opted for alfalfa instead of grapes to feed a thriving ostrich feather industry at the time.
Still, in the early days, South Africa actually had too much wine. Sources mention there was even a wine lake, the result of producers pouring their work into rivers when they had too much to sell. It was much less a case of too many wineries than too many vineyards with very high-yielding grape types like Cinsault. Eventually, the country got supply and demand under control through a centralized system called the KWV (which has since undergone some restructuring).
While the wine scene was improving throughout the 20th century, it was greatly overshadowed by socio-political events, very much including apartheid. The lion’s share of the grapes then were destined for brandy but by the late 90s and early 2000s, the focus shifted dramatically from distilling to winemaking. Producers began to realize the potential of the tremendous landscape and soon the nation boasted more than 60 appellations. Major gatherings like the 2010 World Cup also shifted the planet's attention to this storied nation and its bright wine future. 
What does South Africa specialize in? The major wines are Chenin Blanc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Syrah, Sauvignon Blanc, and Colombard, a French white variety traditionally used for Cognac. There’s also a fair amount of Merlot and Chardonnay, along with Pinotage, which is largely considered to be South Africa’s signature variety. Pinotage is a century old and a cross between Pinot Noir and Cinsault, producing a brambly, rustic-style red wine. It was written off to begin with but winemakers have since fine-tuned their batches, making something quite driven by terroir.
Because South African wine country is so expansive and heterogenous, there are many other emerging varieties as well. The country is fairly dry across the board, meaning many vineyards opt for some kind of irrigation. And keep in mind that we’re in the southern hemisphere, so South African wine harvest is generally wrapping up right about now (February-April).
Most of the production continues to be in and around the Cape, in regions like Constantia. Here, Sauv Blanc does especially well and things are kept cool thanks to a heavy marine influence. This is where it all started almost 400 years ago. Other major regions include Stellenbosch, east of Cape Town and known for its Bordeaux varieties, as well as Paarl in the Western Cape and the warmer Breede River Valley. Swartland has become a pretty famous viticultural area and insiders are excited about emerging places like KwaZulu-Natal to the east, with its moderate climate that bodes well for Burgundian grapes.
Many varieties are mutations or hybrids, taking on fun-to-say local names like Crouchen (aka Cape Riesling) and Hanepoot (Muscat of Alexandria). Industry types are especially excited about where South African Chenin Blanc is headed, along with Swartland Syrah and Spanish-style reds. 
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