Skip to main content

Everything You Need to Know to Photograph the Northern Lights

northern lights photograph
Image used with permission by copyright holder
For most outdoor-loving photographers, few natural phenomena are more captivating than the Aurora Borealis. But, capturing the event isn’t always easy. Here’s a primer on what you need — including the right gear, timing, skills, and settings — to photograph the Northern Lights like a pro.

Where & When to Find the Northern Lights

Perhaps the most essential part of shooting the Northern Lights is to be in the right place at the right time. Of course, light pollution is the enemy, so the farther you can get away from any urban centers the better. Beyond that, head as far north as possible — ideally within the Arctic Circle (between 68-74 degrees latitude).

Anytime during the winter months is perfect, particularly when high-pressure systems are present as these create the perfect atmospheric conditions. The moon can also wreak havoc on your lighting, so it’s ideal to coordinate your trip to coincide with the lunar cycle. SpaceWeatherLive provides an excellent Aurora forecast that even the layperson can read.

Required Gear for Shooting the Northern Lights

You don’t need a 50-pound bag full of camera gear. The required photography equipment is surprisingly minimal. First and foremost, you’ll need a good, sturdy tripod (we’re partial to the ones from Manfrotto) and a shutter release mechanism to avoid camera shake.

photographer using tripod
Image used with permission by copyright holder

A wide angle, prime lens is ideal — something in the 20mm range (like the Nikon 14-24mm f/2.8G AF-S ED). Longer, zoom lenses are nice-to-haves for tighter shots, but we’ll assume most photographers are looking to capture as much of the night sky as possible. Also, don’t forget to remove any filters, including UV filters, or you’ll wind up with nasty aberration in your photos.

Also, note that extreme changes in temperature can affect your gear. Try to avoid situations where you’re bringing your camera from a warm car immediately to sub-freezing outside temperatures or vice-versa. Instead, acclimate your equipment slowly whenever possible. While such changes won’t typically harm your gear, they can create condensation within lenses and screens which could ruin your shots or your overall shoot.

The “Best” Camera Settings for Photographing the Northern Lights

The bottom line is that, like almost any photography situation, there are no “best” settings for shooting the Aurora Borealis. It all depends on the available light and your style of shooting.

But, if we can provide some broad strokes:

  • Set your camera to Manual Mode (this isn’t as scary as it sounds — just crack open your camera’s manual and read a few pages)
  • Use Live View (if available) to find a sharp focus at infinity
  • Start with an ISO of 800
  • Aperture: f/2.8 to f/5.6 (a lower number means you’re allowing as much light in as possible)
  • Shutter speed: a minimum of 5 seconds (anything higher than 15 is guaranteed to cause star movement)
  • Lock your mirror up (again, consult your manual)
  • Compose and fire away!
northern lights photograph
Image used with permission by copyright holder

With these settings as a baseline, adjust accordingly depending on the exposure. If your photo isn’t bright enough, adjust your ISO upward until you get the desired lighting (just remember that a high ISO can introduce grain).

Skills Required to Shoot the Northern Lights

Like most nature photography, the most important skill a photographer can possess is patience. The Northern Lights can be relatively predictable in certain destinations. But, they’re never a guarantee. So, it pays to know how to wait. With plenty of Irish coffee, a hot fire (and ideally a warming hut), you likely won’t mind waiting a few hours for just the right moment.

Topics
Mike Richard
Mike Richard has traveled the world since 2008. He's kayaked in Antarctica, tracked endangered African wild dogs in South…
This airline will add 18 nonstop routes for winter adventurers
Whether you're going skiing or to an island this winter, Alaska Airlines has you covered
Mountains surrounding Lake Tahoe

Winter travel lets you explore the mountain landscape, enjoy the snow, and polish your ski and ride skills. Or, if you’ve had enough of the chill, you can head to warmer climates, soak up some rays, and recharge your system. Both let you commune with nature in beautiful places. 

To make your winter trips even better, Alaska Airlines will offer 18 new nonstop flights to sun and ski destinations around the world. Whether you want to push the limits or relax in peace, there’s a flight to suit your needs.
For winter 2025, Alaska Airlines takes you to the mountains (or the sun)

Read more
The best Greek islands to visit: These locales are true gems
Add these islands to your list
Greece

Greece, a land of ancient legends and breathtaking views, is known for its thousands of islands scattered across the Aegean and Ionian Seas. Out of these islands, a few hundred are inhabited and offer incredible cultural experiences. With so many options, choosing the best Greek islands to visit can be an overwhelming task. To help you navigate this enchanting archipelago, we’ve curated a list of the best Greek islands to visit, each offering a distinctive experience that will leave you with memories you’ll remember forever. 
Sifnos

Located in the Cyclades between Paros and Milos, Sifnos is a small, charming island perfect for a laid-back Greek getaway. Accessible by a few-hour ferry ride from Athens, Sifnos is known for its remarkable number of churches– 365 to be exact. No matter where you are on the island, you’ll likely see several churches dotting the landscape. 

Read more
Now you can use your Hilton points at almost 400 more boutique hotels
Hilton adds hundreds of boutique luxury hotels to its portfolio
Nobu Hotel Marbella

Nobu Hotel Marbella, Marbella, Spain Hilton

Hilton is significantly increasing its luxury hotel portfolio, adding almost 400 properties from the Small Luxury Hotels of the World (SLH) collection. Now, guests can book a stay at these destinations via channels like Hilton.com and the Hilton Honors app.

Read more