Consumer Reports has found that over the life of electric vehicles and traditional cars, EVs tend to be less expensive than their gas-powered cousins. What is also true, however, is that electric cars can be more expensive up front. This includes potentially higher insurance rates, more expensive parts/repairs, and higher state registrations. If you’re considering purchasing an EV, make sure to look into how much electric cars are really going to cost you.
Here, The Manual investigates the hidden costs of EVs for consumers to answer the question: How much are electric cars, really?
An August comparison by car shopping database iSeeCars revealed that electric vehicle prices are rising — rapidly. According to research, EV prices showed a 54% increase from 2021 to 2022 while gas-powered cars rose only 10%. To assess this rise, iSeeCars analyzed over 13.8 million used
Multiple factors are driving sticker prices up. A global chip shortage has led to huge production shortages industry-wide, sending retail costs through the roof. Higher gas prices have led to increased demand for EVs, which, per Econ 101, drives prices up.
Cox Automotive, parent of Kelley Blue Book, cited the “average transaction price” for electric cars at $65,291 in September 2022. At the same time, gas-powered vehicles have an average transaction price of about $48,100. While costs might be cheaper over time, that’s a large upfront investment to earn those savings.
MoneyGeek’s analysis of car insurance premiums for 17 current electric car models showed that EVs cost 15% more to insure than internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles. In comparing corresponding EV and gas car types, this research elicited a 6% to 40% increase in cost. Furthermore, 15 of 17 EV model insurance rates were above a comparative national average.
As to why EVs have higher insurance rates than ICE cars comes down to technology. Electric vehicles contain more high-tech parts — sensors, expensive computers, and performance elements. As we just saw, EVs also cost more upfront than their gas peers. Crashing or otherwise damaging the surface or insides of electric rides is simply going to be more expensive to fix, making them more expensive to insure (per MoneyGeek).
State gas taxes are assessed to help pay for road repairs and infrastructure issues due to constant road use. Fully electric vehicles don’t require fossil fuels to operate, however, allowing EV owners to skip out on these critical taxes.
As a result, some states have tacked on supplemental registration fees for electric vehicles to compensate for the lost revenue. According to the National Council of State Legislatures, 31 states charge a special registration fee for plug-in EVs, and 18 states also charge extra for plug-in hybrid vehicles. Registration fees range from as low as $50 annually in Colorado, South Dakota, and Hawaii, to $225 more for EVs in Washington. The purpose of this tax is not only to keep roads rolling but also to serve as an investment in future EV infrastructure. Washington uses $75 of its fee assessments to building out its charging network; Alabama uses $50 out of its $200 annual fee (per the NCSL).
These extra expenses are projected to grow over time. Several states have set registration fees to increase along with inflation-related metrics to offset the diminishing purchasing power of gas taxes.
While super-fast EV battery charging is not too far down the road, it still takes an average of 15–30 minutes for EVs to charge at their quickest clip. That’s already much longer than a typical trip to the pump. EV owners charging via a Level 1 port (e.g., a typical household plug) might have to wait from six to 12 hours to get batteries up to desired power levels.
Drivers who plan to utilize EVs for long commutes might lose valuable hours waiting for cars to charge. At the least, owning an electric vehicle requires time to plan how and when
One solution to long charging waits is to install a home battery charger. Level 2 chargers are 10% more efficient than Level 1 models, which tacks on about four times more miles per charging hour. Level 2 home chargers not only require less time to fill up, but they also decrease electricity bills with fewer power units consumed. While this is a great way to quickly juice up, high-speed chargers are not cheap. They range from $350 to $950 on Amazon. Subsequent home setup is also expensive, typically costing homeowners at least $1,000 for certified installation.
Per Auto Week, every EV purchased in this country features a battery warranty “that extends to at least eight years or 100,000 miles.” Driving 10,000 to 12,000 miles per year means that new EV owners won’t have to worry about battery degradation for eight to 10 years. When they do, though, electric car drivers are in for a big bill — between $5,000 and $10,000, according to Consumer Reports.
The nonprofit consumer advocate site explains that electric batteries degrade and drop capacity over time (just like cell phone or laptop batteries). Today, EVs lose about 2% of their range per year. Five to 10 years in, this becomes noticeable. While mechanics can service EV batteries, at some point, the entire battery pack will probably need to be replaced.
As the federal government continues to incentivize domestic EV production, the EV market should only grow. One solution is to wait out expensive gas prices and supply shortages. The hidden EV costs outlined above should not necessarily inhibit EV buyers, but rather should inform such an expensive, long-term investment.
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