When it comes to preventing hangovers, there is a golden solution though you’re not going to want to hear it. To prevent a hangover, simply, don’t drink.
We told you you wouldn’t want to hear it. We barely got through typing those words.
With that in mind, we talked with registered dietitian and food blogger Tali Sedgwick to find out what you can do to help prevent a hangover if you’re going to be drinking. First, though, a little bit of science.
How Does Alcohol Affect the Body?
Understanding how the body metabolizes alcohol is a great first step toward understanding how to prevent a hangover. We know what you’re thinking: “Um, duh, it gets you drunk.” Well, it’s slightly more complicated than that. “When the body senses that you have alcohol in your system, it wants to metabolize that first before anything else, because we don’t store alcohol,” Sedgwick says. “We can store the calories that come from alcohol, but we can’t store the alcohol itself.”
The body responds to the simple sugars in alcohol by pumping out insulin, which then results in a low blood sugar situation. “About 20 percent of alcohol goes to the stomach, where it gets absorbed directly and gives you that buzz right away,” according to Sedgwick. “The rest of it is processed in your intestines, as are most of your nutrients. A tiny bit is excreted through your breath, sweat, saliva, and urine.” Generally speaking, the body can process about a quarter to a third of an ounce of alcohol per hour, which is the equivalent of an ounce of hard liquor (meaning that Shotsgiving is off the table if you’re playing it safe, which we recommend).
Now, onto prevention.
Eat a Healthy Meal Before Drinking
Chew before brew. Dine before wine. Bisque-y before whiskey. We have a million of these, but we’ll stop there. One of the keys to preventing a hangover is having a nice, healthy meal before you start drinking. Not after a couple shots — before you start drinking anything at all. “If you’re drinking on an empty stomach, even just two ounces of alcohol can lead to really low blood sugar levels,” Sedgwick says.
A high-fiber meal takes a while to digest, and can help your body regulate blood sugars once you commence drinking. Antioxidants such as vitamin C can also help you process alcohol safely. High-fiber foods include brown rice, pasta, whole grain bread, and avocado. Good sources of antioxidants include chili peppers, kiwi, strawberries, and pineapple. For an easy pre-party meal, Tali recommends a brown rice stir fry with chicken, peppers, mango, and other fresh and tasty ingredients.
Choose Your Drinks Wisely
You’ve likely heard the rhyme “beer before liquor, never been sicker; liquor before beer, you’re in the clear.” Well, it’s not quite that simple. If you drink a lot of booze, it really doesn’t matter what order you drink it in. Still, there is a jigger of truth to the idea. The carbonation in beer can speed up the absorption of alcohol in the stomach. On this, Sedgwick adds, “You’re not giving your body enough time to process the beer, then you’re just slamming it with liquor.”
You might think that you can get a step ahead of your hangover by drinking fruity drinks. Fruit is good for you, right? Well, not when it’s piggybacking a couple ounces of liquor. “When you think of a fruity cocktail, typically the mixers have very little fruit, and a lot of added sugar,” she says. “More sugar is just going to add to the problem.”
Clear spirits (such as this gin that says it won’t give you a hangover) or white wine (like this delicious Chardonnay) may reduce the likelihood of a hangover. Unfortunately for whiskey lovers, darker drinks tend to have higher concentrations of congeners, which byproducts of fermentation that have been proven to amplify hangovers. Also, cheap liquors are less likely to filter out congeners, and can lead to considerable unpleasantness if consumed in excess.
Drink Lots of Water
During a night of drinking, you may notice a spike in the number of bathroom visits. This is because alcohol acts as a diuretic, which means it increases the excretion of water from your body. You’ve probably heard this a million times before, but it truly bears a millionth and first mention: drink water. All bars have water fountains or buckets, so you don’t have to feel lame about ordering water at the bar.
Sedwick also recommends drinks with electrolytes, as they can get your blood volume elevated more quickly. “Sports drinks work, but I’m also a big fan of coconut water as an electrolyte drink,” she says. You might also consider drinking fruit or vegetable juice so you can get your vitamin C on.
There you have it — three ways to prevent a hangover and still have a merry time, whether it’s on a holiday or it’s just another Friday night.
One last thing: Sedgwick says to remember that mixing alcohol and exercise can worsen a hangover, as can drinking while tired. She also says that certain painkillers and other types of medication can multiply the effects of alcohol as much as tenfold. So don’t do that.