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How To Make a Classic Manhattan and 3 Variations

One of the world’s most ubiquitous cocktails, the Manhattan has been enjoyed by spiritous imbibers since it was made famous at the legendary Manhattan Club in New York City sometime around 1880. Even while falling in and out of fashion throughout the years, Manhattan has withstood the test of time to firmly cement itself in the bastion of the great classic cocktails of all time.

As with many classic cocktails, the origin of the Manhattan is murky at best. The most popular theory is that the drink was invented by Dr. Iain Marshall at a party for Lady Randolph Churchill, mother of Winston Churchill, held at the Manhattan Club. Sounds plausible, but this story never happened. It was later verified that Lady Churchill was never partying it up in New York at that time as she was pregnant at home in England. What is for sure is that the Manhattan emerged on the scene in the 1880s. The earliest known mention of the of both the name and the ingredients was in September 1882 in the Sunday Morning Herald in Olean, NY.

Bartender Kat Foster stirring a cocktail
Ye Fan/Eleven Madison Park

The evolution of the Manhattan throughout history is quite interesting as well. From different types of measurement to different whiskey and bitters to the addition (and later removal of) several other spirits and modifiers. O.H. Byron’s book “The Modern Bartender’s Guide“, printed in 1884, contained two versions of the cocktail:

  • 1 pony French vermouth
  • 1/2 pony whiskey
  • 3-4 dashes Angostura bitters
  • 3 dashes gum syrup

The second version:

  • 1 wine glass whiskey
  • 1 wine glass Italian vermouth
  • 2 dashes Angostura bitters
  • 2 dashes Curaçao

In Harry Johnson’s “Bartender’s Manual” from 1900, the Manhattan further morphs:

  • 1/2 wine glass whiskey
  • 1/2 wine glass vermouth
  • 1 dash Curaçao or absinthe
  • 1-2 dashes orange bitters
  • 1-2 dashes gum syrup

Throughout the years following, the recipe continued to change. Curaçao and absinthe were removed, Angostura began to be called more often due to its greater availability, and curiously Canadian whiskey was the preferred base, most likely because it was much more plentiful during Prohibition than American made bourbon.

Classic Manhattan Recipe

A Manhattan cocktail in a stemmed glass sits on a bar.
Image used with permission by copyright holder


  • 2 ounces rye whiskey
  • 1 ounce sweet vermouth
  • 4 dashes of Angostura bitters
  • 1 dash of orange bitters


  1. Add all ingredients to a mixing glass.
  2. Add ice and stir for 15-20 seconds.
  3. Strain into a chilled coupe glass.
  4. Express and discard an orange twist.
  5. Garnish with a brandied cherry.

The Manhattan’s combination of rye whiskey, sweet vermouth, and aromatic bitters is as timeless as it is delicious. Simple and elegant, this most classic of cocktails spawned many variations over the years, such as the Rob Roy, Brooklyn, and Red Hook. The ratio used for the Manhattan is one of the easiest to experiment with to find something new and exciting. Try splitting the base between two different spirits such as rye whiskey and calvados, and splitting the vermouth with an amari. You can even try smoking the finished cocktail! The possibilities are endless.

Before you make your Manhattan, there are a few things to consider, namely the choices of rye and vermouth. When choosing your rye, look for options with a high-rye mash bill for the added spiciness, and always go for whiskeys that are at least 100 proof. The higher the proof, the stronger the flavor. Our suggestions for great rye for a Manhattan would be Wild Turkey 101, Rittenhouse, or Old Overholt Bottled in Bond.

As far as sweet vermouth goes, we always recommend vermouths from Dolin, but if you want a heavier style, reach for Carpano Antica. Lastly, Angostura is the essential aromatic bitter, but there are also other high-quality orange bitters such as Regans or Fee Brothers. Using different bitters is also a great way to play around with different flavor profiles in a Manhattan, so don’t be afraid of mixing things up.

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John Maher
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