Skip to main content

The Manual may earn a commission when you buy through links on our site.

A Guide to Vitamin B: Benefits and What Foods to Eat

Although vitamins B6 and B12 act as the more popular members of the vitamin B family, eight altogether play an essential part in your overall health. Specifically, these vitamins include: 

  • Vitamin B1, or thiamin: Grows healthy, functioning cells.
  • Vitamin B2, or riboflavin: A key component in energy production. 
  • Vitamin B3, or niacin: Assists in converting nutrients into energy. 
  • Vitamin B5, or pantothenic acid: Assists enzymes while they build and break down fatty acids.
  • Vitamin B6, or pyridoxine: A coenzyme that supports immunity and maintains healthy brain function. 
  • Vitamin B7, or biotin: Helps with hair growth and healthy eyes, skin, and nails. 
  • Vitamin B9, or folate: Generates healthy red blood cells.
  • Vitamin B12, or cobalamin: Assists in forming red blood cells and DNA and healthy brain and nerve cells. 

All eight of these crucial vitamins should be included in a balanced diet.

Seafood is high in vitamin B12

What Are the Benefits of Vitamin B?

1. Healthy Skin, Hair, Nails, and Eyes

As you age, biotin helps regenerate cells. This regeneration renews skin, hair, and nail growth. Biotin also helps adults avoid brittle nails that easily break or tear. Riboflavin, a key component in energy production, also improves vision and keeps skin healthy.

2. Quality Immune System

For your immune system to do its job and fight off infections, it needs oxygen. This comes from a steady supply of red blood cells. Vitamin B12 makes this happen, and without it, you can open yourself up to illness and disease because your immune system isn’t equipped to fight effectively.

3. Energy

B vitamins trigger energy more than caffeine and help maintain healthy energy levels consistently. You also need them to support brain function and cell metabolism. This helps you complete tasks, stay alert, and keep up with appropriate physical activity as you get older.

4. Healthy Digestion

Your digestive tract benefits from how niacin and pantothenic acid produce needed gastric juices. Along with secreting bile, this is how your body breaks down and digests fats. Biotin also plays a key role in breaking down carbohydrates and proteins.

17 Foods High in Vitamin B

1. Leafy Green Vegetables

Raw or cooked spinach is rich in vitamin B and is easy to add to many dishes, such as eggs, salads, and smoothies. You can also use spinach as a meat, chicken, or fish side dish. Substitute collard and turnip greens with garlic and spices for added flavor. 

2. Salmon

Salmon, at least twice a week, allows you to meet your vitamin B requirements easily. As an entree by itself, or adding salmon to eggs (in the form of lox), bagel sandwiches, salads, or burgers, this versatile fish provides a delicious variety to your menu or diet.

Garlic butter air fryer salmon with green beans and lemon

3. Eggs

Eggs deliver many needed nutrients without packing on extra calories. Just one egg contains 13 essential vitamins and minerals, plus it’s an excellent source of protein. Some ways to keep it interesting include poached, scrambled, or deviled varieties. Omelets allow you to add fresh vegetables to your breakfast dish. Runny eggs also contain a great deal of iron.

4. Milk

Milk by itself can be a great source of B vitamins. This includes whole or skim. If you’re a vegan, you can substitute almond, coconut, oat, or soy fortified with vitamins to get your daily requirements. Food items made from milk also count. For example, add cheese, sour cream, or cottage cheese as B-rich, tasty additions to any meal. 

5. Liver

Organ meats don’t thrill everyone, but those who love them can get a variety of B vitamins from these choices. Beef, lamb, chicken, and pork organs are equally beneficial.

6. Shellfish

Add some variety to your meals by choosing oysters, mussels, or clams. These menu items are especially packed full of vitamin B12 and riboflavin.

7. Lean Beef

Lean beef can easily add thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, and vitamin B12 to your meals. Serve as an entree or added ingredient in tacos, burgers, chili, or pasta dishes. The possibilities are endless. 

8. Beans and Lentils

Three bowls of lentils coming in different colors
Image used with permission by copyright holder

Legumes include beans or lentils and also contain lots of protein for people who don’t eat meat or fish. Add legumes to your soups, refry them for enchiladas, or keep them whole and uncooked in salads or rice bowls. 

9. Poultry

Turkey and chicken serve as good sources of important B vitamins. For double the amount, choose light meat turkey, but you’ll enjoy almost six times more vitamin B if you like dark meat.

10. Yogurt

Yogurt made from skim or whole milk is an excellent source of these vitamins. You can eat it plain with whole berries on the side or add yogurt for a creamier smoothie. Frozen yogurt is also a lower-calorie alternative to ice cream for a tasty, beneficial treat.  

11. Whole Grains

Choose whole grains that haven’t been processed to benefit from essential nutrients and vitamins. For example, whole grain pasta is now becoming more widely available, or you can substitute brown rice and barley.

12. Breakfast Cereals

Breakfast cereals, especially those made with bran, are naturally rich in vitamins and fortified with some extras. For example, if you use milk and dark berries, you’ll get almost everything you need for the day before it even begins. 

13. Seeds

Hemp, flax, sesame, and sunflower seeds provide healthy, plant-based sources of pantothenic acid. Sprinkle them on salads, eat them plain with just a little salt, or spread some butter made from these seeds on whole grain bread. 

14. Nuts

Peanuts, almonds, and walnuts add some biotin to your diet in a tasty way. Peanut or almond butter makes smoothies and celery taste delicious. Walnuts mixed with apples or as a salad topping add some biotin and protein. 

15. Avocados

A sliced avocado and whole avocado with knife on a wooden cutting board

Avocados pack a punch with many nutrients, including vitamin B6 and folate. Add them to rice bowls, salads, tacos, or toast. 

16. Oatmeal

Oats provide a delicious, healthy whole grain option and plenty of B vitamins. Eat oatmeal warmed up with milk, honey, and raisins. Or you can add oats to smoothies or cookies for added benefit.  

17. Nutritional Yeast

Unfortified yeast already contains natural B vitamins, minus B12. If you purchase fortified nutritional yeast, you can benefit from synthetic B vitamins, including B12. Vegans add it to dishes to replace cheese. It’s also a tasty way to flavor popcorn, casseroles, and salads. 

The Bottom Line

Getting enough vitamin B is important, especially if you’re over 65 or take certain medications. Strict vegans and anyone recovering from bowel-removal surgery need to make sure they’re getting enough of the nutrients in vitamin B. 

You may be in danger of a vitamin B deficiency if you: 

  • Constantly feel tired
  • Experience blurred vision
  • Suffer from a drastic mood changes 
  • Become more pale than usual
  • Get jaundiced skin
  • Feel tingly in your feet or hands

Don’t ignore these symptoms. Vitamin B deficiencies might lead to anemia or nerve damage, so be sure to see a doctor and add some healthy high vitamin B foods to your diet right away.

Editors' Recommendations

Christine VanDoren
Christine is a certified personal trainer and nutritionist with an undergraduate degree from Missouri State University. Her…
What to eat before a run or race to optimize performance: A complete guide
Here's what you should (and shouldn't) eat before your next race to keep you at your best
Man eating a banana before a run

Runners know that in order to have your best workout, you have to be properly fueled. Running is a metabolically demanding form of exercise, particularly if you're doing a long run or a hard interval workout. 
Failing to eat the right foods before your run can make or break how you feel on the run and how your body performs. If you don’t eat enough, or if you eat the wrong types of food, you may not have enough energy to push your body. You might “hit the wall” or “run out of gas.” If you eat too much (or, again, the wrong types of foods), you may find yourself running for the nearest bathroom, bloated, nauseated, doubling over with side stitches, or feeling sluggish.
Not sure what to eat before a run or before your race? Keep reading for a list of the best pre-race foods and pre-workout meals and snacks to fuel a good run.

Should you ever run on an empty stomach?
Fasted cardio has commonly been associated with improved endurance and weight loss, although more research needs to be done on the benefits. However, if you are going for a shorter run, such as a couple of miles or less, then you will likely be fine with running on an empty stomach.

Read more
12 delicious foods high in vitamin E for skin, hair, and heart health
Vitamin E is crucial for good health: These are great ways to get your daily dose
Bottle of olive oil

Vitamin E is typically associated with skincare, but it does so much beyond nourishing your skin and hair. Vitamin E foods provide the body with powerful antioxidants that aid in reducing inflammation and destroying free radicals to protect your cells from oxidative damage.
Moreover, since vitamin E also plays several roles in supporting the immune system and protecting against diseases such as heart disease and cancer, deficiencies can make you more prone to illnesses, infections, and inflammatory diseases, as well as eyesight impairments and muscle weakness.
Since vitamin E is a fat-soluble nutrient, absorption increases in the presence of dietary fat. Therefore, when eating any food high in vitamin E that isn’t oil or fat itself, it’s best to pair the vitamin E food with another food that contains fat.
Fortunately, there are quite a few foods that contain at least some vitamin E, though the best dietary sources of vitamin E are high in alpha-tocopherol, the most bioactive form of the nutrient. To ensure you have the shiniest, full head of hair, supple and soft skin, and a formidable immune system, keep reading for a list of the foods highest in vitamin E.

How much vitamin E do you need?
The recommended daily value of vitamin E for individuals 14 years of age and older is 15 mg. You can generally get your daily dose of vitamin E through a balanced diet. Taking oral supplements is also available, but you should exercise caution when taking supplements. Excessive vitamin E can create side effects.
Where can you get vitamin E from?
The food groups rich in vitamin E include fats such as canola oil and olive oil. You can get vitamin E from nuts and seeds such as almonds and peanuts. Meat, dairy, leafy greens, and fortified cereals are other great sources of vitamin E.

Read more
The chromium benefits you should know about (and the best food sources for you)
Add these foods to your grocery list to get the benefits of chromium
Broccol on a chopping board

We all know about the importance of healthy fats, low carbs, iron, and fiber in our diets — but there are plenty of nutrients that rarely ever get talked about. Take chromium, for example. Do you know what it is? Do you know what the benefits of chromium are for a healthy diet? Do you know if you're getting enough?

The word "chromium" has various interpretations. For example, a scientist or physicist would regard chromium as a chemical element or transition metal with a formidable resistance to corrosion. On the other hand, an environmental expert may regard chromium as a water, air, or soil contaminant. None of these definitions sound particularly appetizing, but chromium is in what you eat. Likewise, chromium supplements also exist. Therefore, chromium means something else to a dietician or nutritionist.

Read more