A lot of us get into a rather repetitive workout routine. You may be a runner who dabbles in a bit of strength training, a spin class enthusiast, someone who primarily engages in resistance training with some cardio sprinkled in, or you may be a fan of low-impact exercise. While it’s great to have preferences and exercises you enjoy, it’s also important to add multiple types of training to your workout program to maximize your health benefits and develop well-rounded fitness.
Plyometric training is one of the most frequently overlooked forms of exercise. It involves jumping, bounding, and other forms of rapid force production. Oftentimes, recreational athletes and guys just looking to work out enough to stay relatively fit decide that plyometric exercises are mainly beneficial for serious power athletes, but plyometrics are beneficial for nearly everyone. No matter how fit you are (or aren’t!) or what sport of choice you focus on, there are valuable benefits of plyometrics. Adding just a few plyometric exercises into your weekly workout routine can advance your fitness with little time invested. Don’t preemptively count yourself out; keep reading to learn about the benefits of plyometrics and why you—yes, you—should also start jumping, bounding, and skipping your way to better fitness.
Plyometrics are high-impact, explosive exercises—think box jumps, burpees, and vigorous skipping. They challenge your muscles, bones, connective tissues along with your neuromuscular and cardiovascular systems. The benefits of plyometrics include the following:
1. Plyometrics Get Your Heart Rate Up
We often think that cardio exercises like running, rowing, swimming, and elliptical trainers are the only way to improve your cardiovascular fitness, but resistance exercises like squats and jumping exercises like plyometrics are also effective means to boost your cardiovascular health. You’ll quickly get your heart up and feel your lungs burning after a tough set of box jumps or depth jumps. Strengthening your heart and lungs is a great way to reduce your risk of heart disease, stroke, and high blood pressure.
2. Plyometrics Burn Calories
Plyometrics can help you achieve your weight loss goals because they are metabolically demanding. Most plyometric exercises are total-body moves, which means you’ll be torching a significant number of calories in a short period of time since nearly every major muscle is recruited at once. They also get your heart rate up, so you’ll continue to burn calories once you’re done (called excess post-exercise oxygen consumption), enjoying the benefits of a revved metabolism.
3. Plyometrics Strengthen Bones and Joints
The high-impact nature of plyometrics makes such exercises an excellent way to increase bone density and strengthen connective tissues like tendons and ligaments. Your musculoskeletal structures have to absorb the impact of landing, and this stimulates the body to develop more structural support. In this way, consistent plyometric training can make your body more resilient so that you are less likely to get injured.
4. Plyometrics Increase Muscular Strength
Simply put, plyometrics make you stronger. They train your muscles to develop more force because they harness the power of the point in the muscle stretch cycle where maximum contractile force can be produced. Essentially, with plyometrics, you rapidly move between eccentrically contracting (lengthening) a muscle and concentrically contracting (shortening) it. This helps develop more force and trains your neuromuscular system to recruit muscle fibers more rapidly.
5. Plyometrics Improve Your Athletic Performance
Whether you’re a marathoner, a tennis player, or you love hiking, plyometrics can improve your athletic performance. Plyometric training helps you jump higher, run faster, lift heavier, and develop more power because they train your anaerobic system, increase cardiovascular fitness, and build strength more efficiently than bodyweight exercises.
6. Plyometrics Are Efficient
Plyometrics are perfect for HIIT workouts. As high-intensity exercises, you can torch calories and gain impressive fitness benefits with plyometrics in far less time than moderate-intensity exercise. Studies have found that HIIT workouts incorporating plyometric exercises can accomplish equivalent workout results as an aerobic endurance workout in one-third to one-half the time—music to the ears of anyone who’s over-scheduled.
7. Plyometrics Improve Coordination
Most plyometric exercises are repetitive and involve simultaneous movements of the upper body and legs. In this way, plyometrics train the neuromuscular system to integrate movement patterns, which improves coordination and balance.
8. Plyometrics Can Be Done Anywhere
Although some plyometrics require equipment, many can be done with just your body weight. Jump squats, burpees, bounding drills, and clapping push-ups are all examples of functional plyometric exercises that get your heart pounding and muscles working with just your body weight—no gym required!
9. Plyometrics Can Suit Any Fitness Level
The difficulty and intensity of plyometrics can be modified to meet the needs of nearly any athlete, regardless of where you are on the fitness continuum. For example, a young, fit, healthy athlete may be able to take on weighted box jumps whereas an older, frailer individual could try gentle skipping or even vigorous marching in place, both of which qualify as plyometrics.
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