What is Sous Vide Cooking? Here’s What You Need to Know

If you’ve ever eaten at a fine dining establishment (especially a French one) and wondered how they cooked that piece of meat to such tender perfection, there’s a chance they used the sous vide method. It’s French for “under vacuum,” and is a very trendy method of perfectly cooking foods involving a pot of water and a plastic bag. Even though this form of cooking is trending, it originates from a very old school method.

Tyson Ho, the owner of Arrogant Swine in New York City (and a recent guest on The Manual podcast) talks to us about this under vacuum cooking.

Interested in getting your own sous vide machine? This article will show you options from $35 to $500.

The Manual: It’s strange to think boiling a steak would lead to a perfect result — can you explain some of the science behind the sous vide method?

Tyson Ho: Sous vide demystifies most of meat cookery. The craft of the cook is the subjugation of fire to maintain a temperature. This is very hard to do, fire is an ancient and violently unstable god. Sous vide eliminates the need to master cookery because a set temperature is at your fingertips.

what is sous vide cooking steak
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Sous vide allows for meat to hit a desired temperature and go no further, defanging the threat of overcooking. It does this by slowly raising the internal temperature of the meat in a stable and controlled environment i.e. the water bath. Its creation is no less pivotal than the lever and pulley were for the caveman.

TM: How long has this cooking method been around?

TH: Sous vide is a fairly recent cooking method that, in my opinion, evolved from the classic French technique: En vessie

En Vessie was a technique of slow cooking popularized by the father of modern French cuisine Fernand Point (1897-1955). When a dish is cooked en vessie, the animal is placed inside a pig’s bladder and seasoned with aromatics like truffles and boosted with aromatic liquors like sherry, cognac, or Madeira. The bladder is tied and set over simmering waters where it would balloon up slowly, cooking chicken or poultry in its natural juices.

The underlying theory became mainstream. Gentle cooking of meat resulted in a product that was more tender and juicy.

what is sous vide cooking steak done
Annick Vanderschelden Photography/Getty Images

TM: Do you get the sense many restaurants and/or chefs are using sous vide?

TH: Sous vide is largely relegated to high-end restaurants and most chefs avoid it because of the extra administrative requirements to legally use sous vide. The technique is not one that our modern health departments understand and so many unnecessary fines have scared off chefs.

TM: Is there anything we can’t cook via sous vide?

TH: Barbecue. Like Flat Earth theorists, there are some who believe that barbecue can be cooked sous vide. And just like flat earth theorists, to deign to their thoughts is nothing short of irrational.

TM: How difficult is it to master?

TH: [It’s] a device so easy a child could cook meat at the precision of a Michelin-star chef.

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