Why We Have Daylight Saving Time
Much like the appendix, the paper ballot, and the cable box, Daylight Saving Time is a concept grounded in reason but no longer of much practical use to anyone.
It is, however, a source of immense annoyance and confusion to many. And to those of you soon relegated to spending every one of the few sunlit hours of the late autumn and winter weekdays stuck inside, it just pretty much sucks, in the parlance of our times. And as Benjamin Franklin said, “Those who would trade one hour of sleep for months of living like goddamn vampires deserve neither liberty nor nice linens.”
OK, Franklin probably didn’t say that. And in fact, contrary to popular misconception, he never said anything about Daylight Saving Time at all. Rather ol’ Ben made some quips to some Parisians about how they could save money spent on candles by merely waking up earlier and going to sleep earlier. (Of course that would have seen the French forced to commence drinking wine at ten AM instead of noon and potentially working more than three hours in a five day period, neither of which notions were likely to receive a warm welcome. Just kidding, France! Big fan.)
To clear up another common misconception, Daylight Saving Time was not commenced to help farmers, but was in fact intended to give everyone a bit more time to enjoy the daylight hours. In fact, many farmers (particularly those dealing with livestock) were initially quite opposed to the annual time shifts, as it disrupted previously established schedules.
The logic behind Daylight Saving Time is this: most people are asleep in the early morning when the sun rises. Most people are still awake in the evening when the sun sets. So if that sunset comes a bit later relative to the hour of the day that we all recognize and follow (the 9 to 5 life schedule, in short), we will all have a bit more time to do things — ideally to go spend money, at least in the eyes of the government. But hey, guess what? That extra hour has to come from somewhere, and it’s called… the rest of the year! So while much of the spring, summer, and fall enjoys extra light, the colder months are that much darker thanks to Daylight Saving Time. Because most of us are still asleep at the even earlier sunrise, and not even out of work (or school or up off of our mustard- and wined-stained couch) yet when darkness arrives in the middle of the goddamn afternoon.
So… if it wasn’t B. Franklin who brought this darkness upon us, whose idea was Daylight Saving Time, anyway?
Just ask New Zealander George Hudson “why does Daylight Saving Time exist?” But don’t wait too long for an answer, for this diehard entomology enthusiast passed away in the 1940s. When not working at the post office by day, Hudson collected insects in the afternoons. At some point, he realized that if the clock shifted periodically to allow for more day-lit hours in the afternoon, he would have more time to collect bugs after work. So he wrote a proposal covering how to change the hour to make the most of the sunlight and presented it to a philosophical society in Wellington, New Zealand. And yes, that really is the forbearance of modern DST… a guy who wanted to collect more bugs. (He was also involved in some Antarctic exploration and was probably a fine gentleman, all things considered.)
During World War I, many of the warring nations adopted Daylight Saving Time to reduce the consumption of the precious commodity coal. Russia and America did not adopt the DST shift until 1917 and 1918, respectively, though no “Hey, where are the Germans and/or Austro-Hungarians?” situations seemed to arise as armies stood there comically checking their watches and looking for enemies to fight. Instead, it was pretty much just a charnel house of savagery and death.
During the 20th Century, DST was adopted and dropped several times by many nations, finally being cemented in place by the energy crisis of the 1970s, the same decade that gave us Neil Patrick Harris and Star Wars–so it wasn’t all bad.
As for Daylight Saving Time 2016, you can saddle up for perpetual darkness lasting well into the next year at 2 AM on Sunday November 6th. Thanks a lot, bug guy.